Table 3

Environmental health measures and baseline lung function

ExposuresCharacteristics
Baseline FVC % predictedBaseline DLCO % predicted
β (95% CI)P valueβ (95% CI)P value
CES−0.07 (−0.13 to −0.02) 0.006 −0.11 (−0.16 to −0.06) <0.001
Pollution burden−0.02 (−0.07 to 0.04)0.534−0.07 (−0.12 to −0.02) 0.007
Population characteristics−0.09 (−0.15 to −0.04) 0.001 −0.13 (−0.18 to −0.07) <0.001
PM2.5 −0.01 (−0.07 to 0.04)0.624−0.06 (−0.11 to −0.01) 0.022
O3 −0.11 (−0.07 to 0.02)0.295−0.05 (−0.09 to −0.01) 0.036
  • Bold values: p<0.05.

  • CES, CalEnviroScreen 3.0; DLCO, diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide; FVC, forced vital capacity; O3, ozone; PM2.5, particulate matter <2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter; β, beta-coefficient for difference in outcome per unit increase in exposure.