Table 1

Patient demographic, socioeconomic and clinical profile and number of deaths during the first and second waves

VariableMarch 2020–August 2020September 2020–March 2021
Discharges (n=112 391)Deaths (n=32 998, 29.4%)Discharges (n=261 853)Deaths (n=60 703, 23.2%)
Age band (years)
18–398886237 (2.7)27 320402 (1.5)
40–498566584 (6.8)22 4071034 (4.6)
50–5914 5531980 (13.6)36 8833297 (8.9)
60–6916 9644099 (24.2)41 4697800 (18.8)
70–7923 8838485 (35.5)53 28915 803 (29.7)
≥8039 53917 613 (44.5)80 48532 367 (40.2)
Sex (missing=46)
Female50 71113 084 (25.8)124 89625 373 (20.3)
Male61 66319 914 (32.3)136 92835 324 (25.8)
Deprivation quintile (missing 8072)
1 (most deprived)28 3797983 (28.1)69 00014 601 (21.2)
224 5507156 (29.1)57 06112 865 (22.5)
320 9706420 (30.6)48 67011 824 (24.3)
419 0265878 (30.9)43 70310 876 (24.9)
5 (least deprived)16 9955131 (30.2)37 8189524 (25.2)
Ethnicity (missing=24 072)
White84 79826 569 (31.3)197 64450 149 (25.4)
Bangladeshi738196 (26.6)2940569 (19.4)
Indian3373935 (27.7)78411650 (21.0)
Pakistani2782628 (22.6)87341469 (16.8)
Other Asian2994620 (20.7)66131023 (15.5)
Black African2680466 (17.4)4376507 (11.6)
Black Caribbean2310779 (33.7)3886772 (19.9)
Other black1132258 (22.8)2069271 (13.1)
Mixed1007215 (21.4)2366295 (12.5)
Other3842791 (20.6)80471074 (13.3)
Charlson Comorbidity Index items*
Peripheral vascular disease59862512 (42.0)13 2875172 (38.9)
Congestive heart failure16 6007768 (46.8)33 98715 487 (45.6)
Acute myocardial infarction10 2864221 (41.0)23 3168858 (38.0
Cerebrovascular disease10 9434306 (39.3)23 9138500 (35.5)
Dementia17 4097865 (45.2)29 58811 940 (40.4)
Chronic pulmonary disease29 4149572 (32.5)67 07819 410 (28.9)
Connective tissue disease/rheumatic disease33611157 (34.4)84492583 (30.6)
Peptic ulcer785275 (35.0)2011686 (34.1)
Mild liver disease3706876 (23.6)10 0742120 (21.0)
Moderate or severe liver disease1261669 (53.1)27781310 (47.2)
Diabetes without chronic complications27 4899580 (34.9)61 76317 331 (28.1)
Diabetes with chronic complications33921271 (37.5)76682431 (31.7)
Paraplegia and hemiplegia28311039 (36.7)54771775 (32.4)
Renal disease20 7349133 (44.0)46 19618 909 (40.9)
Primary cancer65072844 (43.7)13 0265166 (39.7)
Metastatic carcinoma34941439 (41.2)79563354 (42.2)
HIV/AIDS19324 (12.4)26537 (14.0)
Obesity10 1132590 (25.6)30 7865999 (19.5)
  • *For the Charlson Comorbidity Index items: Only those with the disease are listed. There were no missing data. Individual patients can appear in multiple disease categories.