Table 1

Survey date, prevalence of chronic airflow obstruction (CAO) and smoking in men and women, gross national income (GNI) per capita and annual mean PM2.5 levels for the 41 sites of the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease study

SiteMid-date of surveyCAO in men
(%)
CAO in women
(%)
Ever smoking prevalence in men
(%)
Ever smoking prevalence in women
(%)
GNI per capita,
PPP (current international $)
PM2.5 (all composition)
(μg/m3)
PM2.5 (all composition)
10 km radius buffer (μg/m3)
PM2.5 (dust and sea-salt removed) (μg/m3)PM2.5 (dust and sea-salt removed)
10 km radius buffer (μg/m3)
Albania (Tirana)17/02/201312.84.263.011.410 7502516.71510.0
Algeria (Annaba)28/06/20129.34.576.50.713 2302114.585.5
Australia (Sydney)30/07/20067.913.860.847.532 97076.644.0
Austria (Salzburg)11/01/200512.819.464.444.334 9402318.12016.0
Benin (Sèmè-Kpodji)06/03/20146.68.14.6021002824.81311.7
Cameroon (Limbe)11/02/20156.34.335.92.933904137.02018.0
Canada (Vancouver)30/12/200312.812.066.050.331 54055.945.2
China (Guangzhou)26/11/20029.96.381.46.335204038.73937.2
England (London)27/02/200716.115.871.857.135 2401515.31313.2
Estonia (Tartu)25/02/20098.75.263.831.519 8801210.7119.4
Germany (Hannover)16/07/200510.07.873.15032 3502020.01818.2
Iceland (Reykjavik)28/04/20058.913.370.761.335 47044.111.4
India (Kashmir)11/03/201117.315.476.428.845803333.62626.7
India (Mumbai)13/05/20076.27.915.6036103940.33434.6
India (Mysore)08/04/201211.25.522.11.448502222.11919.9
India (Pune)24/09/20095.86.720.90.340004544.94039.3
Jamaica01/03/201510.37.564.218.5828086.532.3
Kyrgyzstan (Chui)04/07/201313.97.977.97.530501918.598.9
Kyrgyzstan (Naryn)02/07/201311.04.760.42.430502423.577.0
Malawi (Blantyre)24/10/20136.99.130.62.511201111.11110.5
Malawi (Chikwawa)15/04/201518.09.448.611.311901615.51514.5
Malaysia (Penang)15/08/20134.43.449.7023 4703322.83020.8
Morocco (Fes)17/10/201011.97.559.31.062402419.165.0
Netherlands (Maastricht)30/06/200819.017.273.760.345 1101414.11312.6
Nigeria (Ile-Ife)10/09/20117.56.723.43.749203034.31517.1
Norway (Bergen)13/08/200514.810.271.057.848 30076.744.4
Pakistan (Karachi)18/01/201514.66.548.68.050506867.91717.0
Philippines (Manila)25/12/200513.05.283.931.150502827.62120.6
Philippines (Nampicuan-Talugtug)21/08/200716.312.377.030.157101312.61010.2
Poland (Krakow)10/05/200515.012.379.443.813 6503735.83433.5
Portugal (Lisbon)26/08/200813.99.561.622.125 5901410.986.5
Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)06/10/20123.52.848.32.251 2506464.11313.0
South Africa (Uitsig-Ravensmead)05/04/200523.816.284.457.9961087.554.5
Sri Lanka28/09/201311.73.948.90.210 3701514.2109.3
Sudan (Gezeira)25/04/20165.66.047.81.442604040.255.0
Sudan (Khartoum)25/03/201310.410.038.42.926903938.465.7
Sweden (Uppsala)20/03/200710.28.368.552.741 85086.775.7
Trinidad & Tobago23/06/20156.66.751.312.033 28077.111.0
Tunisia (Sousse)01/11/20108.42.079.99.197502017.365.3
Turkey (Adana30/12/200319.89.181.030.594303227.71714.8
USA (Lexington, KY)13/02/200613.616.278.654.347 160119.9109.7
  • PM2.5, particulate matter <2.5 µm aerodynamic diameter; PPP, Purchasing power parity.