Table 1

Baseline characteristics of patients*

Overall
n=80
Mobile mindfulness
n=31
Telephone mindfulness n=31Education programme n=18
Age, mean (SD), years49.5(15.1)48.7(15.3)48.1(16.1)53.3(12.6)
Female gender, n (%)35(44)12(39)15(48)8(44)
Race, n (%)
 White53(66)23(74)20(65)10(56)
 Black18(23)4(13)9(29)5(28)
 Asian1(1)1(3)0(0)0(0)
 Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander3(4)1(3)1(3)1(6)
 American Indian/Alaskan Native4(5)2(7)0(0)2(11)
 Missing/unknown1(1)0(0)1(3)0(0)
Hispanic ethnicity, n (%)5(6)0(0)4(13)1(6)
 Missing/unknown1(1)0(0)1(3)0(0)
Highest level of education, n (%)
 High school graduate or less21(26)8(26)8(26)5(28)
 Trade school or some college28(35)10(31)11(36)7(39)
 College degree or higher31(39)13(42)12(39)6(33)
Employment status in month prior to hospitalisation, n (%)
 Working, homemaker or student full-time39(49)14(45)18(58)7(39)
 Working part-time10(13)4(13)3(10)3(17)
 Unemployed5(6)2(7)0(0)3(17)
 Retired19(24)8(26)7(23)4(22)
 Disabled7(9)3(10)3(10)1(6)
Caring for children at home, n (%)23(29)6(19)10(32)7(39)
Insurance status, n (%)
 Commercial or other43(54)16(52)17(55)10(56)
 Medicare17(21)5(16)8(26)4(22)
 Medicaid15(19)8(26)4(13)3(17)
 None5(6)2(7)2(7)1(6)
Financial distress, n (%)†56(70)22(71)20(65)14(78)
Chronic medical comorbidities, mean (SD)‡3.1(3.3)2.7(2.7)2.9(3.3)4.2(4.3)
Treating ICU at time of eligibility, n (%)
 Medicine25(31)10(32)9(29)10(56)
 Surgery55(69)21(68)22(71)8(44)
APACHE II score on day of enrolment, mean (SD)17.9(6.8)18.2(6.7)16.9(5.5)18.9(8.9)
Taking at the time of hospital admission, n (%)§
 Antidepressants18(23)6(19)7(23)3(17)
 Anxiolytics11(14)3(10)5(16)2(11)
 Other psychiatric medication1(1)000(0)1(6)
 Narcotics12(15)4(13)5(16)3(17)
Prescribed at the time of hospital discharge, n (%)§
 Antidepressants16(20)6(19)5(16)5(28)
 Anxiolytics10(13)3(10)4(13)3(17)
 Other psychiatric medication1(1)0(0)0(0)1(6)
 Narcotics50(63)19(61)21(68)10(56)
Treated for psychiatric condition since hospital discharge, n (%)16(20)5(16)8(26)3(17)
 If yes, psychiatric condition, n (%)†
  Depression7(44)1(20)4(50)2(67)
  Anxiety9(56)2(40)6(75)1(33)
  PTSD3(19)2(40)1(13)0(0)
 If yes, taking medications, n (%)15(94)4(80)8(100)3(100)
 If yes, under care of psychiatrist, psychologist or counsellor, n (%)7(44)3(60)2(25)2(67)
  • *Expanded table in online supplement 2.

  • †See online supplement section 3 for item wording.17

  • ‡From Charlson-Deyo Index.42

  • §Multiple responses possible.

  • APACHE, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder.