TableĀ 1

The Breathing SPACE approach to breathless conditions developed by The London Respiratory Network18

SmokingOffer evidence-based smoking cessation support for all
Pulmonary diseaseOffer prompt spirometry
Prioritise high-value care
AnxietyIdentify and support psychosocial problems
Cardiac diseaseDual diagnoses are common
Do not undertreat
ExercisePulmonary rehabilitation
Encourage physical activity
  • SPACE, Smoking, Pulmonary disease, Anxiety, Cardiac disease, Exercise.