Table 2

Treatment response and outcome of patients with pulmonary TB, according to diabetes control status

Non-DMControlled-DMUncontrolled-DMp Value
Intensive phaseN=476N=43N=99
 Death2/476 (0.4)0/43 (0)3/99 (3.0)0.026
 Transfer or default10/476 (2.1)0/43 (0)5/99 (5.1)0.125
 No culture result97/476 (20.4)3/43 (7.0)13/99 (13.1)0.033
 Positive culture28/367 (7.6)2/40 (5.0)17/78 (21.8)*<0.001
Final outcomeN=452N=40N=93
 Favourable403/452 (89.2)35/40 (87.5)74/93 (79.6)0.057
  Cured241/452 (53.3)25/40 (62.5)45/93 (48.4)0.366
  Treatment complete162/452 (35.8)10/40 (25.0)29/93 (31.2)0.266
 Unfavourable49/452 (10.8)5/40 (12.5)19/93 (20.4)*0.044
  Death2/452 (0.4)0/40 (0)4/93 (4.3)*0.003
  TB-related death0/452 (0)0/40 (0)2/93 (2.2)
  Treatment failure3/452 (0.7)1/40 (2.5)5/93 (5.4)*0.003
  Transfer or default44/452 (9.7)4/40 (10.0)10/93 (10.8)0.965
  • Data are presented as the number (%) of subjects, unless otherwise indicated.

  • *p<0.05 compared with non-DM.

  • DM, diabetes mellitus.