Table 3

Estimated ORs and 95% CIs for the association between growth parameters and wheezing

Growth parameters*Wheezing
OR95% CIORadjusted95% CI
Size1.281.12 to 1.461.291.11 to 1.49
Tempo1.030.91 to to 1.24
Velocity1.301.15 to 1.481.301.14 to 1.49
  • *Growth parameters are standardised (the effects are expressed as an increase in one SD) and adjusted for sex, with three internal knots for the spline curve.

  • †Adjusted for child's sex, gestational age, siblings, lower respiratory tract infections (bronchitis, bronchiolitis and pneumonia), maternal asthma, maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, maternal smoking during pregnancy and after delivery, maternal nationality, age and education at delivery.

  • BMI, body mass index.