Table 1

Demographic characteristics and help-seeking in whole sample and sample reporting cough or hoarseness

Demographic characteristic (N)SubgroupsWhole sample (N=2042)*, N (%)Sample reporting cough or hoarseness (N=280)*, N (%)Help-seeking in sample reporting cough or hoarseness (% of those in subcategory)
Smoking status†Non-smokers1777 (88%)219 (78%)111 (55%)
Smokers252 (12%)60 (22%)18 (35%)
SexMen936 (46%)105 (38%)41 (43%)
Women1085 (54%)172 (62%)87 (55%)
AgeUnder 60 years622 (34%)84 (34%)39 (51%)
60 years and older1194 (66%)162 (66%)80 (53%)
EthnicityNon-white1919 (95%)14 (6%)10 (77%)
White99 (5%)216 (94%)118 (49%)
Marital statusNot married/cohabiting649 (32%)121 (43%)53 (49%)
Married/ cohabiting1372 (68%)158 (57%)77 (52%)
EducationBelow university1259 (63%)187 (68%)91 (53%)
University740 (37%)86 (32%)34 (44%)
EmploymentNot working1194 (59%)185 (66%)95 (57%)
Working822 (41%)93 (34%)34 (40%)
  • *Numbers may not add up to the total N of each sample because of missing data.

  • †Those who never or previously smoked were classified as non-smokers, those who currently or occasionally smoked were classified as smokers.