Table 2

Preoperative risk factors associated with PPC on multivariate analysis

VariablesEstimateSEp ValueOR95% CI
Constant−3.180.45<0.001
COPD0.590.250.0171.811.11 to 2.95
Current smoker (vs never)1.690.51<0.0015.421.99 to 14.76
Ex smoker (vs never)1.030.490.0352.801.08 to 7.28
  • PPC, postoperative pulmonary complication.