Table 1

Characteristics of the enrolled patients with CAP

CAP without AF during hospital stayCAP with AF during hospital stayp Value
N39141
Age (years)*69.7±15.778.6±9.8<0.001
Gender (males)62%67%0.543
Pre-existing comorbid conditions
 History of CHD28%49%0.008
 Previous stroke8%26%0.001
 T2DM26%36%0.186
 Hypertension65%82%0.032
 COPD34%28%0.453
 History of PAF9%64%<0.001
 Dyslipidemia27%40%0.085
Aspirin use41%37%0.657
Statins use34%34%0.947
ACEIs/ARBs use64%59%0.662
sNox2-dp (pg/mL)*27.0±12.535.2±15.1<0.001
PSI score*95.2±30.9119.7±27.8<0.001
Hs-cTnT (µg/L)*0.017 (0.010–0.041)0.034 (0.023–0.073)<0.001
  • *Data are expressed as mean.

  • ACEI, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor; AF, atrial fibrillation; ARB, angiotensin receptor blocker; CAP, community-acquired pneumonia; CHD, coronary heart disease; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; hs-cTnT, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T; PAF, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation; PSI, Pneumonia Severity Index; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus.