Table 1

Characteristics of smokers as a function of their use of nicotine-containing products

 Not using licensed nicotine products or electronic cigarettesUsing electronic cigarettes onlyUsing licensed nicotine products onlyUsing electronic cigarettes and licensed nicotine products
N=10 431N=1360N=1603N=330
Female % (n)44.7 (4667)a48.8 (664)50.1 (803)b51.2 (169)
Age mean (SD)41.5 (17.56)b41.2 (16.13)b43.3 (16.17)a42.5 (15.76)
Manual occupation % (n)61.7 (6434)a55.4 (752)b57.6 (924)b54.7 (180)
Time to first cigarette mean (SD)1.3 (1.16)a1.4 (1.15)b,f1.5 (1.17)b,f1.7 (1.11)b,e
Attempts to quit smoking in the previous 12 months % (n)23.4 (2452)a53.7 (729)b63.2 (1013)c72.1 (237)c
Non-daily smoking % (n)10.3 (1077)11.8 (160)10.7 (171)11.6 (38)
Attempting to cut down % (n)41.7 (4349)a76.1 (1034)b77.9 (1248)b78.5 (259)b
Using nicotine-containing products for
 Smoking reduction % (n)NA69.2 (942)70.5 (1130)74.8 (247)
 Temporary abstinence % (n)NA71.4 (971)a64.4 (1032)b,e78.9 (260)b,f
Daily nicotine-containing product use % (n)NA56.8 (772)a52.4 (841)47.1 (155)b
  • Data are weighted to match the English population (weighted n's are presented); n's were rounded up to the nearest whole number. As a consequence percentages may not sum to 100 and n's may not sum to total N. Social grade was measured using the social grades system: non-manual includes A: higher managerial, administrative or professional, B: intermediate managerial, administrative or professional, C1: supervisory or clerical and junior managerial administrative or professional; manual includes C2: skilled manual workers, D: semi and unskilled manual workers, E: casual or lowest grade workers, pensioners and others who depend on the welfare state for their income. AB and C1 were coded as non-manual and C2, D and E as manual.17 Time to first cigarette of the day was assessed as (1) >60 min, (2) 31–60 min, (3) 6–30 min or (4) ≤5 min. a, b, c and d all differ; e differs from f. NA, not applicable.