Table 1

Number of participants included, prevalence of airflow obstruction (FEV1/FVC<LLN) and low FVC (<LLN) and mean pack years smoked from the BOLD sites for men and women separately, and GNI/capita ($US PPP) and national smoking rates for men and women for countries containing BOLD sites

Site (dates of fieldwork)NPrevalence of airflow obstruction (% FEV1/FVC<LLN): menPrevalence of low FVC (% FVC<LLN): menSmoking (mean pack years): menPrevalence of airflow obstruction (% FEV1/FVC<LLN): womenPrevalence of low FVC (% FVC<LLN): womenSmoking (mean pack years): womenNational GNI/capita($US PPP)National cigarette consumption (current prevalence %)
Adult menAdult women
Guangzhou, China (2003)4739.330.021.56.330.51.0623059.53.7
Mumbai, India (2006/8)4406.
Pune, India (2008/9)8495.763.11.26.870.50.1300027.61
Srinagar, India (2010/11)76317.325.324.214.831.21.3300027.61
Manila, The Philippines (2005/6)89315.162.418.
Nampicuan-Talugtug, The Philippines (2008/9)72216.952.720.613.561.03.3368038.98.5
Sydney, Australia (2006/7)5417.616.
Krakow, Poland (2005)52614.910.723.712.29.67.51769043.927.2
Tartu, Estonia (2008/10)6157.911.
Bergen, Norway (2005/6)65813.88.414.710.09.910.06022033.630.4
Hannover, Germany (2005)6839.910.819.76.87.711.137540
Lisbon, Portugal (2008)7149.312.
London, UK (2006/7)67719.522.119.616.014.211.937490
Maastricht, The Netherlands (2007/9)59019.711.015.317.99.39.14184038.330.3
Reykjavik, Iceland (2004/5)7579.214.913.913.510.09.83090026.126.6
Salzburg, Austria (2004/5)125813.411.
Uppsala, Sweden (2006/7)54710.510.212.28.710.08.04085019.624.5
Adana, Turkey (2003/4)80619.813.
Lexington, USA (2005/6)50812.325.730.
Vancouver, Canada (2005/6)82714.58.415.
Cape Town, South Africa (2005)84723.047.616.116.946.18.710090257.8
Sousse, Tunisia (2010/12)6618.625.12.11.827.20.0839046.51
  • BOLD, Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease; FEV1, forced expiratory volume in 1 s; FVC, forced vital capacity; GNI, gross national income; LLN, lower limit of normal; PPP, purchasing power parity.