Table 1

Patient characteristics at baseline (visit 1)

CharacteristicsRegular placebo once daily+budesonide/formoterol on demand
Regular placebo once daily+terbutaline on demand
Regular budesonide once daily+terbutaline on demand
Age (years)31±1228±1226±10
BMI (kg/m2)25.0±4.023.4±3.624.6±3.6
Ex-smokers (n)811
Smoking cessation (years)7.1±5.63.4±0.07.2±0.0
FEV1 baseline (L)3.8±0.83.4±0.63.8±0.8
FEV1 % predicted value100±1297±1099±9
Positive skin prick test (n (%))14 (61)16 (73)15 (71)
Maximal exercise test
 Max workload (W)251±66232±57255±63
 Max dyspnoea (Borg CR100)86.5±20.695.9±21.285.3±25.5
 Max leg fatigue (Borg CR100)77.0±25.087.3±23.279.1±26.5
 Max heart rate (beats/min)186±9189±12181±25
  • Data are presented as mean±SD. On demand means medication inhaled prior to training sessions and for symptom relief.

  • BMI, body mass index; FEV1, forced expiratory volume in 1 s.