Table 4

Sleep disorders associated with common neuromuscular diseases (adapted from Dhand and Dhand 2006)29

DisorderSleep abnormality
Duchenne muscular dystrophyObstructive sleep apnoea (younger patients)
Hypoventilation (older patients)
Spinal muscular atrophyHypoventilation
Apnoea/hypopnea
Myotonic dystrophyHypoventilation
Apnoea /hypopnea
Periodic limb movements
Excessive daytime sleepiness
Peripheral neuropathies (eg, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease)Hypoventilation
Frequent arousals