Table 4

Associations between community asthma prevalence and individual indicators of infrastructure, socioeconomic and lifestyle indices

GroupsIndicatorsBivariate analysesMultivariate analyses
βpβCI (95%)p
InfrastructureAdministrative grade (parish)0.0170.989
Spatial organisation
 (a) Disperse (reference)
 (b) Blocks0.1470.919
 (c) Neighbourhood0.6150.712
Transport access (road)−1.3770.263−6.059−9.313 to −2.805<0.001
Electrical grid (Yes)2.2260.1425.1171.702 to 8.5320.004
Piped-water system (Yes)0.4550.721
Telephone system (Yes)0.9390.443
Health centre (Yes)2.0760.089
Pharmacy (Yes)2.2960.058
Educational institution (Yes)0.4490.715
Shops
 (a) 0–1 (reference)
 (b) 2–50.4070.8660.706−3.664 to 5.0770.747
 (c) 6–151.6030.4843.974−0.433 to 8.3810.076
 (d) >151.9940.3905.0650.168 to 9.9610.043
SocioeconomicFather's education0.0720.19
Mother's education0.0230.62−0.074−0.193 to 0.0460.221
Household income0.0720.0770.099−0.11 to 0.2080.078
Access to electricity0.0290.0770.0450.005 to 0.0840.028
Material goods0.1040.05
Cement house0.0090.865−0.127−0.247 to −0.0080.037
Gas for cooking0.0460.019
Motor vehicles0.1640.0120.1680.043 to 0.2940.009
Uncrowded household−0.0530.235
LifestyleHamburger consumption0.1040.0150.076−0.025 to 0.1760.137
Fizzy drink consumption0.1210.0040.1320.041 to 0.2230.005
No physical exercise0.0640.120.069−0.012 to 0.1490.093
Television in house0.0340.111−0.034−0.088 to 0.0200.214
TV viewing0.0480.046
No farming activities0.0650.05
Cat in house0.0910.0250.049−0.035 to 0.1330.248
Dog in house0.0500.191
Migration0.0610.22
Parasite infection rate0.0090.777
  • Results shown are for bivariate and multivariate linear regression analyses.