Table 1

Complication rates of pleural aspiration by operator and image guidance

Ultrasound guidanceOperatorFrequency of post-procedure pneumothoraxFrequency that a chest drain was required post procedureFrequency of dry tap/procedure failure
YesRadiologist in training2.7%1.8%2.7%
YesSenior physician3.6%0.9%3.2%
NoPhysician in training15.0%4.7%12.9%
NoSenior physician5.7%1.4%1.6%
  • The calculations and references used in this table are shown in appendix 1 in the online supplement.132–134