Table 2

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the risk of anxiety

Disease statusUnadjustedMultivariable adjusted*
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Controls1.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)
COPD2.64 (1.62 to 4.31)1.85 (1.072 to 3.18)
p<0.0001p=0.027
  • Results are from logistic regression analysis and are presented as ORs (95% CIs)

  • * Controlling for age, sex, race, educational attainment, household income, and smoking history.