Table 1 Characteristics of study group at baseline
Patients studied (n = 59)
Sex (M:F)31:28
Aetiology
    Idiopathic23
    Congenital malformation4
    Post-infectious4
    Primary immunodeficiency25
    Aspiration3
Age (years)*8.2 (4.8–15.8)
Growth†
    Height (cm)/height-for-age z-scores123.8 (13.1)/−0.68 (1.31)
    Weight (kg)/weight-for-age z-scores25.5 (6.8)/−0.19 (1.34)
    BMI/BMI-for-age z-scores16.4 (1.9)/0.19 (1.38)
Lung function†
    FVC (% pred)/FVC z-score76.2 (19.7)/−2.61 (1.82)
    FEV1 (% pred)/FEV1 z-score68.3 (21.0)/−2.66 (1.68)
  • *Median (range). †Mean (SD).

  • BMI, body mass index; FEV1, forced expiratory volume in 1 s; FVC, forced vital capacity.