Table 3 Clinical predictors of respiratory virus at the time of the bronchoalveolar lavage procedure*
PredictorsOR (95% CI)p Value
Baseline conditions
    No immunosuppressive conditionsReference group
    HIV1.0 (0.3 to 3.2)0.98
    Other immunosuppressive condition1.6 (0.6 to 4.2)0.39
    Lung transplantation1.6 (0.6 to 4.0)0.32
    Other transplantation2.4 (0.8 to 7.0)0.10
Signs or symptoms
    New radiological infiltrate0.3 (0.2 to 0.8)<0.01
    Treated with antibiotics†2.2 (1.2 to 4.1)0.01
    Sputum1.9 (1.0 to 3.7)0.07
    Opportunistic infection suspected1.8 (0.9 to 3.6)0.10
    Cough1.5 (0.8 to 3.0)0.25
    Respiratory infection suspected1.5 (0.7 to 3.2)0.26
    Dyspnoea0.7 (0.4 to 1.3)0.29
    Fever1.5 (0.7 to 3.3)0.26
    Flu-like illness1.2 (0.6 to 2.7)0.57
    Rhinopharyngitis0.9 (0.5 to 2.0)0.89
  • *Mixed logistic regression model, clustered on patient.

  • †Antibiotic treatment targeting a respiratory tract infection.