Table 3

Mortality from pneumonia among men aged 16–64 years in metal working occupations in England and Wales, 1991–2000

Occupations*Pneumococcal and unspecified lobar pneumonia (ICD-9 481)†Bronchopneumonia (ICD-9 485)†Other and unspecified pneumonia (ICD-9 480, 482, 483, 486)†
ObservedExpectedPMR (95% CI)ObservedExpectedPMR (95% CI)ObservedExpectedPMR (95% CI)
Welders (149)3213.2242 (166 to 342)5459.491 (68 to 119)4525.9174 (127 to 233)
Furnace operators (metal) (112)11.096 (2 to 536)105.5183 (88 to 336)22.194 (11 to 338)
Moulders and coremakers (metal) (116)51.7300 (97 to 701)78.384 (34 to 173)23.459 (7 to 213)
Other metal manufacturers (120)36.546 (10 to 135)2127.876 (47 to 115)1211.2107 (56 to 188)
Sheet metal workers (145)134.8268 (143 to 459)2522.9109 (71 to 161)109.9102 (49 to 187)
  • PMR, proportional mortality ratio.

  • *As defined in OPCS classification of occupation (OPCS codes given in parentheses). †International Classification for Diseases, 9th revision code.