Table 1 Characteristics, comorbidity and initial severity in the group with treatment failure and in the control group
CharacteristicFailure yes (n = 84)Failure no (n = 369)p Value
Age (y) (mean (SD))68 (17)67 (17)0.48
Sex (F/M)33/51 (39/61)138/231(37/63)0.78
Long term care facility6 (7)18 (5)0.40
Smoking21 (25)78 (21)0.44
Alcohol9 (11)42 (11)0.86
Cardiac failure15 (18)61 (16)0.76
Renal failure2 (2)23 (6)0.16
Diabetes14 (17)77 (21)0.38
Liver disease3 (4)9 (2)0.16
COPD13 (16)66 (18)0.60
Neurological disease23 (27)75 (20)0.17
Neoplasm4 (5)15 (4)0.75
ICU admission22/84 (26)11/369 (2.9)0.001
Risk class of Fine0.04
    I7 (8)41 (11)
    II9 (11)64 (17)
    III11 (13)84 (23)
    IV30 (36)137 (37)
    V27 (32)43 (12)
  • Data are number (%) of patients, unless otherwise indicated.

  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.