Table 2

 Maternal and dietary characteristics of mothers responding to the 5 year questionnaire

Maternal dietary intakeMothers completing FFQ during pregnancy(n = 1751)Respondent mothers at age 5(N = 1212)p Value*
FFQ, food frequency questionnaire.
*Responders at age 5 vs non-responders.
†Non-parametric test.
Energy intake (kJ/day) (geometric mean, 95% CI)10137 (9987 to 10290)9981 (9815 to 10149)0.006
Total fruit intake (servings/day) (mean, 95% CI)2.22 (2.16 to 2.27)2.27 (2.20 to 2.34)0.008
Apple intake (measures/week) (mean, 95% CI)3.58 (3.41 to 3.76)3.59 (3.39 to 3.80)0.697
Citrus/kiwi fruit intake (measures/week)(median, 25–75th percentiles)1.38 (0.38–4.00)1.38 (0.38–4.00)0.040†
Total vegetable intake (servings/day) (mean, 95% CI)1.93 (1.88 to 1.98)1.95 (1.89 to 2.01)0.385†
Green leafy vegetable intake (measures/week)(median, 25–75th percentiles)4.38 (1.50–9.00)4.50 (1.75–9.00)0.013†
Fruit juice intake (measures/week) (median,25–75th percentiles)5.00 (1.00–10.00)5.00 (1.00–10.00)0.146†
Whole grain product intake (portions/week)(median, 25–75th percentiles)3.73 (0.38–8.18)4.13 (0.38–8.67)<0.001†
Total fish intake (portions/week) (median,25–75th percentiles)1.58 (0.67–3.00)1.67 (0.75–3.08)0.054†
Oily fish intake (portions/week) (median,25–75th percentiles)0.00 (0.00–0.50)0.00 (0.00–0.50)0.002†
Fat from dairy products intake (g/week)(mean, 95% CI)154 (149 to 159)151 (145 to 157)0.070
Exclusively butter vs margarine/low fat spread20.5% vs 79.5%21.6% vs 78.4%0.148