Table 1 Characteristics of 102 HIV-infected patients admitted to the ICU on 113 occasions from 1999 to 2005*
CharacteristicNo (%) of patients
Median (IQR) age (years)39 (32–44)
Male gender83 (73)
Race, ethnicity
    White55 (48.7)
    Black48 (42.5)
    Asian4 (3.5)
    Other5 (4.6)
    Unknown1 (0.8)
HIV risk factor
    Heterosexual54 (50)
    MSM42 (39)
    Intravenous drug use12 (11)
Initial HIV diagnosis31 (27)
Receipt of HAART42 (37)
Admission diagnosis
    Non-HIV associated37 (33)
    HIV associated76 (67)
    PCP28 (25)
Clinical characteristics, median (IQR)
    CD4 (cells/µl)75 (10–260)
    APACHE II score18 (12–23)
    Albumin (g/l)24 (19–31)
Complications
    Mechanical ventilation70 (62)
    Pneumothorax12 (11)
    Renal replacement therapy22 (19)
  • Data shown are n (%) of patients or median values (interquartile range, IQR).

  • PCP, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia; MSM, men who have sex with other men; HAART, highly active antiretroviral therapy.