Food groupings for factor analysis

Foods or food groupsFood items
*These items were available only on the 1990 and 1994 food frequency questionnaires.
Processed meatsHot dogs, processed meats, bacon
Red meatsHamburger, beef, pork, lamb
Organ meatsLiver
FishCanned tuna, dark meat fish, oily fish, shrimp
PoultryChicken or turkey with or without skin
Low-fat dairySkim milk, yogurt, sherbet, cottage cheese
High-fat dairyWhole milk, cream, sour cream, cream cheese, ice cream, other cheese
WineWhite wine, red wine
CoffeeRegular coffee, decaffeinated coffee
FruitRaisins, avocado, orange, grapefruit, banana, cantaloupe, water melon, apple, strawberry, blueberry, peach, apricots, plums
Fruit juiceOrange juice, apple juice, grapefruit juice, other juice
Cruciferous vegetablesBroccoli, cabbage, kale, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts
Yellow vegetablesCarrots, yellow squash, yam
TomatoesTomatoes, tomato juice, tomato sauce
Leafy vegetablesRaw spinach, cooked spinach, iceberg lettuce, romaine or leaf lettuce
LegumesTofu, string bean, peas, beans or lentils
Other vegetablesCorn, mixed vegetables, eggplant, celery, mushroom, beets, alfalfa sprouts
FriesFrench fries
Whole grainsDark breads, oat bran, brown rice, wheat germ, oats, cooked cereal, whole grain ready-to-eat cereals, other grains
Refined grainsWhite bread, white rice, English muffins, pasta, pancake, refined grain ready-to-eat cereals
SnacksPotato chips, popcorn, crackers
NutsPeanut butter, nuts
Sugar beveragesCola, caffeine-free cola, fruit punch, other carbonated beverages
Low-calorie beveragesDiet cola, diet caffeine-free cola, other diet carbonated beverages
Desserts/sweetsChocolate bars or pieces, candy bars, cookies, brownies, doughnuts, cake, pie, sweet roll, coffee cake, pastry
CondimentsJam, mustard, pepper, salt, chilli sauce, coffee, whitener
Salad dressingsOil and vinegar type dressings
Cream soupsChowder/cream soups
MayonnaiseMayonnaise-type salad dressings
Olive oil*Olive oil
Added salt*Added salt