Table 3

 Adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of current severe asthma in last year for different frequencies of food consumption relative to consuming that food never or occasionally among children aged 6–7 years

Once or twice per weekThree or more times per weekp Value for trend
aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Odds ratio adjusted for sex, obesity, maternal smoking, siblings and exercise.
Meat0.56 (0.20 to 1.58)0.43 (0.15 to 1.18)<0.001
Seafood0.63 (0.44 to 0.91)0.53 (0.35 to 0.80)<0.001
Fruit0.87 (0.55 to 1.35)0.74 (0.50 to 1.10)<0.001
Vegetables0.87 (0.63 to 1.21)0.78 (0.56 to 1.11)<0.001
Pulses0.84 (0.52 to 1.35)0.88 (0.54 to 1.44)0.63
Cereals0.56 (0.30 to 1.02)0.39 (0.23 to 0.68)<0.001
Pasta0.58 (0.32 to 1.05)0.74 (0.40 to 1.37)0.46
Rice0.80 (0.51 to 1.27)1.13 (0.68 to 1.88)0.31
Butter1.15 (0.89 to 1.49)0.78 (0.48 to 1.25)0.78
Margarine1.02 (0.77 to 1.35)1.20 (0.80 to 1.79)0.85
Nuts0.96 (0.77 to 1.22)1.31 (0.86 to 2.01)0.28
Potato0.47 (0.28 to 0.81)0.59 (0.35 to 1.01)0.85
Milk0.65 (0.31 to 1.40)0.50 (0.28 to 0.90)<0.001
Eggs0.57 (0.38 to 0.84)0.70 (0.45 to 1.09)0.11
Fast food1.64 (1.28 to 2.10)2.26 (1.09 to 4.68)<0.001