Table 7

 Association between the level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and wheezing, allergic rhinitis and atopy

Average diet score (n = 235)High diet score (n = 152)p for trend
ORs with 95% CI derived from logistic regression models after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, parental asthma and number of older siblings.
The reference group includes those subjects with a low Mediterranean diet score.
Wheezing ever0.94 (0.64 to 2.02)0.67 (0.34 to 1.32)0.229
Wheezing ever with atopy0.98 (0.45 to 2.79)0.53 (0.16 to 1.80)0.417
Current wheezing0.92 (0.41 to 2.83)0.64 (0.20 to 2.05)0.564
Nocturnal cough (last 12 months)0.68 (0.36 to 1.27)0.49 (0.23 to 0.96)0.095
Allergic rhinitis ever0.70 (0.42 to 1.16)0.34 (0.18 to 0.64)0.004
Allergic rhinitis ever with atopy1.14 (0.50 to 2.57)0.39 (0.13 to 0.97)0.102
Current allergic rhinitis0.77 (0.43 to 1.39)0.49 (0.24 to 0.99)0.142
Current seasonal allergic rhinitis0.63 (0.24 to 1.65)0.51 (0.20 to 1.25)0.321
Atopy0.94 (0.51 to 1.72)0.54 (0.21 to 1.99)0.384