Table 6

 Associations between nutrients included in the Mediterranean diet index and wheezing, allergic rhinitis and atopy

Wheezing everCurrent wheezingAllergic rhinitis everCurrent allergic rhinitisAtopy
ORs with 95% CI derived from logistic regression models after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, parental asthma and number of older siblings.
One fruit or fruit juice daily0.61 (0.27 to 1.39)0.63 (0.23 to 1.42)0.77 (0.34 to 1.78)0.78 (0.36 to 1.81)0.72 (0.33 to 1.57)
One vegetable daily0.65 (0.37 to 1.79)0.85 (0.37 to 1.93)0.80 (0.51 to 1.75)0.85 (0.49 to 1.86)0.92 (0.60 to 1.42)
Fish ⩾2 times per week0.67 (0.42 to 1.07)0.69 (0.31 to 1.56)0.88 (0.58 to 1.34)0.90 (0.56 to 1.72)0.70 (0.47 to 1.03)
Cereals for breakfast daily0.64 (0.24 to 1.71)0.79 (0.26 to 1.84)0.71 (0.32 to 1.57)0.93 (0.45 to 1.93)0.81 (0.35 to 1.90)
Brown bread daily0.79 (0.42 to 1.50)0.51 (0.14 to 1.72)0.95 (0.53 to 1.70)0.89 (0.45 to 1.75)1.04 (0.63 to 1.71)
One dairy product daily1.09 (0.63 to 1.90)1.14 (0.64 to 2.10)1.03 (0.62 to 1.70)1.14 (0.62 to 2.05)0.77 (0.49 to 1.22)
Nuts ⩾3 times per week0.54 (0.34 to 0.86)0.46 (0.20 to 0.98)0.77 (0.51 to 1.18)0.83 (0.57 to 1.46)0.76 (0.52 to 1.20)
Red meat > white meat consumptionper week1.05 (0.62 to 1.78)1.53 (0.66 to 3.54)1.04 (0.64 to 1.69)1.13 (0.65 to 1.98)1.06 (0.67 to 1.68)
Margarine > once per week1.47 (0.95 to 2.26)2.19 (1.01 to 4.82)1.99 (1.32 to 3.00)2.10 (1.31 to 3.37)1.08 (0.73 to 1.59)