Table 4

 Home environment and A&E attendance

Controls (%)Cases (%)OR (95% CI)OR adjusted for age, sex and ethnic group (95% CI)
*p for trend = 0.69.
Bedroom dampness
Damp patches28/208 (13.5)99/690 (14.3)1.08 (0.69 to 1.69)0.86 (0.54 to 1.38)
Visible mould16/192 (8.3)74/659 (11.2)1.39 (0.79 to 2.45)1.11 (0.62 to 2.01)
Often condensation on windows26/153 (17.0)111/542 (20.5)1.28 (0.77 to 2.14)0.98 (0.65 to 1.48)
Environmental tobacco smoke
    Any smokers living in home87/192 (45.3)280/630 (44.4)0.97 (0.70 to 1.34)1.12 (0.80 to 1.58)
Salivary cotinine (ng/ml)
    <0.3216/66 (24.2)77/276 (27.9)1.001.00
    0.32–0.6323/66 (34.8)60/276 (21.7)0.54 (0.26 to 1.12)0.52 (0.25 to 1.10)
    0.64–1.7511/66 (16.7)70/276 (25.4)1.32 (0.57 to 3.04)1.49 (0.63 to 3.53)
    >1.7516/66 (24.2)69/276(25.0)0.90 (0.42 to 1.93)*1.10 (0.49 to 2.48)