Table 2

 Characteristics of patients in studies included in the meta-analysis

ReferenceMean age(years)Sex ratio(no of men)Mean BMI(kg/m2)CPAP use(h/night)Baseline ESSBaseline MWT(min)Baseline MSLT(min)
NB, no baseline measured; BMI, body mass index; CPAP, continuous positive airway pressure; ESS, Epworth Sleepiness Scale; MSLT, Multiple Sleep Latency Test; MWT, Maintenance of Wakefulness Test.
Engleman105275% (12)302.81410
Redline124852% (50)333.11010
Engleman94461% (21)302.813NB
Monasterio115486% (108)294.81210.5
Barnes144583% (35)303.51112.5
Barnes154679% (63)313.610.230.7
Marshall165176% (22)314.912.520.9