Table 1

 Patient characteristics, number in each severity score group, management and outcomes

Values in parentheses are percentages.
PSI, pneumonia severity index; rATS, revised American Thoracic Society; modBTS, modified British Thoracic Society; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; LOS, length of stay.
Median (range) age (years)74 (18–96)
Age group (years)
    18–3847 (11.9)
    39–5856 (14.3)
    59–78137 (34.9)
    >78152 (38.7)
Female158 (40.3)
Current smokers83 (21.1)
Alcohol abuse38 (9.6)
Nursing home residents55 (14.0)
Previous presentation within 2 weeks19 (4.8)
Antibiotics prior to presentation99 (25.2)
Co-morbidities
    Congestive cardiac failure80 (20.4)
    Chronic liver disease10 (2.5)
    Neoplasia54 (13.7)
    Chronic renal failure47 (11.9)
    Cerebrovascular disease74 (18.8)
    COPD92 (23.4)
    PEG/tracheostomy19 (4.8)
    Dementia/neurological disease52 (13.2)
    Diabetes87 (22.1)
    Aspiration clinically suspected39 (9.9)
Antibiotic allergy
    No allergy350 (89.3)
    Mild13 (3.3)
    Unknown severity21 (5.3)
    Severe8 (2.0)
Severity scores
    PSI class
        I47 (11.9)
        II57 (14.5)
        III68 (17.3)
        IV131 (33.4)
        V89 (22.7)
        IV + V220 (56.1)
    rATS severe70 (17.8)
    CURB severe182 (46.4)
    CURB-65 severe (group 3)161 (41.0)
    ModBTS severe214 (54.6)
Median (range) LOS (days)4 (1–76)
Site of care
    Ward243 (62.0)
    ICU direct17 (4.3)
    Outpatient53 (13.5)
    Another hospital (not ICU)14 (3.6)
    Short stay unit62 (15.8)
Died in emergency department2 (0.5)
ICU admission26 (6.6)
    Mechanical ventilation23 (5.8)
    Inotropes26 (6.6)
Died in ICU8/26 (30.7)
Died outside ICU29/366 (7.9)
Died (all sites)37 (9.4)
    Admitted to ICU8/37 (21.6)
    Nursing home residents13/37 (35.1)
    Aged >90 years7/37 (18.9)
    Not for aggressive treatment4/37 (10.8)
Median LOS of those who died (days)6.5
Discharge diagnosis of pneumonia347 (88.5)
Readmitted within 2 weeks32 (8.3)