Table 3

 Linear association of intake of selected foods with current wheeze and current asthma in children (ISAAC-2)

Selected foodsCurrent wheeze OR* (95% CI)Current asthma OR* (95% CI)
*Regression coefficient estimated modelling food intake as a continuous variable (g/day or natural log of g/day), and OR presented for the difference in mean intake (in g/day) between the highest and lowest tertiles of intake (for mean food intake per tertile see table 2).
†Dietary variable modelled as natural log of g/day.
‡Adjusted for educational level of the mother, foreign descent, and total energy intake.
§The variables representing whole grain intake and fish intake were entered simultaneously in a single logistic model.
Individual associations
Citrus fruits†
    Crude0.88 (0.52 to 1.48)0.61 (0.35 to 1.05)
    Adjusted‡0.96 (0.56 to 1.66)0.65 (0.37 to 1.14)
Vegetables, total
    Crude1.15 (0.66 to 2.00)0.67 (0.32 to 1.38)
    Adjusted‡1.24 (0.69 to 2.23)0.69 (0.33 to 1.45)
Whole grain products, total†
    Crude0.53 (0.26 to 1.08)0.44 (0.19 to 1.00)
    Adjusted‡0.51 (0.24 to 1.08)0.43 (0.18 to 1.02)
Fish, total
    Crude0.40 (0.19 to 0.84)0.31 (0.13 to 0.78)
    Adjusted‡0.42 (0.20 to 0.89)0.32 (0.13 to 0.81)
Independent§ associations (adjusted‡)
Whole grains†0.55 (0.26 to 1.15)0.46 (0.19 to 1.10)
Fish0.44 (0.21 to 0.93)0.34 (0.13 to 0.85)