Table 1

‚ÄÉRecommendations for antibiotic treatment directed at clinical presentation in pathogen directed treatment group

Clinical presentationSuspected pathogenRecommended antibiotic treatment
WBC, white blood cells; PMN, polymorphonuclear leucocytes.
*Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila, Chlamydia pneumoniae/psitacci.
Acute illness, lobar infiltrate, raised WBC with an increase in PMNs Streptococcus pneumoniae Penicillin
Mild illness, headache, upper airway tract symptoms, young age, travel to southern Europe, contact with animalsAtypical bacterial pathogen*Erythromycin
Co-morbid illness, alcohol abuse, aspirationS pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Gram negative Enterobacteriaceae, anaerobesAmoxicillin-clavulanate
Influenza epidemic Staphylococcus aureus Flucloxacillin ¬Ī gentamicin