Table 4

‚ÄÉComparison of clinical characteristics of patients who died from various causes of mortality and the effect of corticosteroids for these causes of mortality

RespiratoryCardiovascularCancerOthers
Hazard ratios (HRs) were adjusted for age, sex, baseline post-bronchodilator FEV1, smoking status, body mass index, and individual trial (see Methods section for details).
FEV1, forced expiratory volume in 1 second; ICS, inhaled corticosteroids.
Total number of deaths69604230
Mean (SD) age (years)66.1 (6.6)63.5 (7.0)63.8 (6.3)63.6 (10.6)
Men59 (85.5%)50 (83.3%)30 (71.4%)23 (76.7%)
Baseline FEV1 (% of predicted)39.1 (13.1)51.7 (17.1)57.8 (17.0)50.0 (17.7)
Adjusted HR (95% CI) for mortality between ICS and placebo groups0.80 (0.50 to 1.28)0.98 (0.59 to 1.62)0.55 (0.29 to 1.03)0.57 (0.27 to 1.19)