Table 1

 Clinical background and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) findings of HTLV-I carriers and patients with HAM/TSP

Patient no. and clinical diagnosis/symptomsAge/sexPeripheral bloodBronchoalveolar lavage fluid
WBC(/mm3)HTLV-I Ab‡ (×)Cell count(×105/ml)AM (%)Ly (%)Neu (%)Eo (%)CD4 (%)CD8 (%)CD4/CD8
WBC, white blood cell; M, male; F, female; HTLV-I, human T lymphotropic virus type I; AHC, asymptomatic HTLV-I carrier; HAM/TSP, HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis; SBS, sinobronchial syndrome; Tbc, tuberculosis; AM, alveolar macrophage; Ly, lymphocyte; Neu, neutrophil; Eo, eosinophil; ND, not determined.
*Current smoker.
†Recent/ex-smoker.
‡HTLV-I antibody (Ab) was measured by the gelatin particle agglutination method.
1 AHC64/F430020481.494.35.00.80.0NDNDND
2 AHC†77/M750020481.096.43.20.40.052.032.91.6
3 AHC72/F58002562.090.28.31.30.247.127.31.7
4 AHC48/F26005120.486.912.30.60.148.929.21.7
5 AHC57/F650010240.774.924.60.50.053.525.02.1
6 AHC78/F630081921.988.210.50.80.053.028.31.9
7 AHC58/F360081920.984.414.31.20.0NDNDND
8 AHC†64/M43005120.796.23.30.50.0NDNDND
9 AHC71/M540040962.870.528.60.90.175.623.23.3
10 AHC56/F70001281.080.518.70.60.144.539.51.1
11 AHC64/F40001281.389.29.70.80.358.822.82.6
12 AHC55/F370020480.695.34.00.30.5NDNDND
13 AHC77/F4300163841.576.123.40.40.175.313.45.6
14 AHC71/F530040960.684.313.51.60.564.626.92.4
15 AHC67/F470010240.891.55.51.20.042.817.12.5
16 Chronic cough76/F51002561.093.65.70.70.037.134.81.1
17 Chronic cough67/F390010240.968.530.11.40.071.725.92.8
18 Chronic cough*82/F70001281.795.24.70.20.0NDNDND
19 Middle lobe syndrome59/F520040960.761.034.63.40.055.821.12.6
20 SBS71/F340040960.592.07.10.80.248.431.71.5
21 Bronchiectasis63/F280020480.694.94.90.10.040.442.11.0
22 Inactive Tbc57/M390010241.372.727.30.00.057.140.51.4
23 Inactive Tbc†73/M700020483.094.94.70.40.060.030.82.0
24 Chronic bronchitis47/M47002560.691.68.10.20.0NDNDND
25 Chronic bronchitis*57/M52002561.887.011.41.40.2NDNDND
26 Bronchiectasis72/F50005121.997.42.60.00.0NDNDND
27 Bronchiectasis68/F60001281.555.129.613.11.257.522.92.5
28 SBS46/M690020485.842.520.325.00.641.149.70.8
29 Middle lobe syndrome66/F63005122.544.455.30.10.261.929.62.1
30 SBS18/F790040962.747.645.57.10.341.655.20.8
31 HAM/TSP33/F410020482.042.756.80.20.243.151.50.8
32 HAM/TSP50/F490020482.365.621.013.40.046.449.20.9
33 HAM/TSP54/F28005121.463.036.01.00.069.128.52.4
34 HAM/TSP60/M51005122.473.424.52.10.047.148.21.0
35 HAM/TSP65/F520020481.740.858.90.30.033.161.00.5
36 HAM/TSP59/F4900327684.027.071.91.10.076.220.43.7
37 HAM/TSP34/M560081921.673.225.71.20.050.242.11.2
38 HAM/TSP50/M610081923.931.268.30.00.552.046.91.1