Table 2

 Comparison of frequency, manifestations, and treatment of paradoxical reactions (PR) between HIV+TB+ and HIV−TB+ patients

HIV+ve(n = 50)HIV−ve(n = 50)
PR14 (28%)5 (10%)
Disseminated TB and PR9 (65%)4 (80%)
Median (range) time from starting TB medication to onset of PR (days)33 (3–173)87 (23–157)
Median (range) time from starting HAART to onset of PR (days)11 (8–18)NA
PR treated with corticosteroids81
Manifestations of PR
    Lymph nodes72
    Pleural effusion11
    Joint swelling01
>1 manifestation of PR42