Table 6

 Comparison of changes from baseline to 12 months for submaximal arm ergometry exercise performance (mean volumes) in active and control group subjects

Active(n = 23)Control(n = 16)Mean (95% CI) changep Value
Lactate (mmol/l)−0.280.04−0.32 (−1.15 to 0.51)0.43
HR (bpm)−2.8−1.4−1.4 (−10.2 to 7.4)0.76
RER−0.01−0.010 (−0.04 to 0.04)0.92
Ve (l/min)−1.91.4−3.3 (−6.4 to −0.2)0.04
RR (breaths/min)2.40.91.5 (−3.1 to 6.1)0.49
Borg scores
    Breathlessness−10−0.9 (−1.9 to 0.1)0.07
    Muscle effort000.3 (−1.0 to 1.6)0.27