Table 5

 Comparison of changes from baseline to 12 months in bicycle exercise performance (mean values) for active and control group subjects

Active(n = 25)Control(n = 17)Mean (95% CI) changep Value
Lactate (mmol/l)−0.380.45−0.83 (−1.53 to −0.13)0.02
HR (bpm)−4.83.4−8.2 (−15.6 to −0.8)0.03
RER0.00−0.020.02 (−0.01 to 0.05)0.24
Ve (l/min)−1.60.9−2.5 (−6.1 to 1.1)0.17
RR (breaths/min)0.81.6−0.8 (−4.9 to 3.3)0.67
Borg scores
    Breathlessness000 (−1.0 to 1.0)0.86
    Muscle effort00−0.3 (−1.5 to 0.9)0.91