Table 3

 Summary submaximal test data at baseline for active (n = 30) and control group subjects (n = 18)

Bicycle ergometryArm ergometry
ActiveControlActiveControl
Values are given as mean (SD) except for Borg scores which are median (range).
Work (W)80 (28.5)85 (24.2)50 (13.6)51.0 (11.6)
Lactate (mmol/l)5.1 (1.3)5.3 (1.4)4.3 (1.6)4.5 (1.2)
HR (bpm)152 (12.7)147 (13.6)135 (14.4)129 (17.5)
RER1.07 (0.06)1.07 (0.04)1.06 (0.06)1.08 (0.05)
Ve (l/min)47.5 (13.0)50.7 (12.9)38.1 (9.2)37.4 (8.9)
RR (breaths/min)32.4 (6.6)31.8 (8.0)35.7 (8.5)33.8 (7.6)
Sao2 (%)94.8 (3.8)95.2 (2.9)95.9 (2.4)96.0 (3.4)
Borg scores
    Breathlessness3.0 (0–8)3.0 (1–8)3.0 (0–6.5)2.5 (0–6)
    Muscle effort3.25 (1–8)4.0 (0.5–8)4.0 (2–8)3.5 (0.5–8)