Table 5

Relationship between outcome (as measured by reconsultation for the same symptoms within 4 weeks) and patient groups, antibiotic use at initial consultation, and direct and indirect evidence of infection

Reconsulted Did not reconsult p value if relevant
All patients over one year (n=621; reconsultation data on 17 not known)114  (18%)507  (82%)
 Prescribed antibiotics64 (56%)50 (44%)
 Not prescribed antibiotics257 (51%)250 (49%)
Patients investigated in detail (n=313; 3 not known)59 (19%)254 (81%)
 Prescribed antibiotics36 (61%)23 (39%)
 Not prescribed antibiotics145 (57%)109 (43%)
Indirect evidence of infection (3 not known)
 CRP high (⩾50 mg/l)8 (16%)41 (84%)
 CRP not high51 (19%)213 (81%)
 Infection changes on chest radiograph13 (28%)34 (72%)0.09
 No infection changes on chest radiograph41 (17%)198 (83%)
Direct evidence of infection (3 not known)
 Bacterial/ atypical pathogens identified (group 1) 28 (21%)107 (79%)
 Viral or no pathogens identified (group 2)31 (17%)147 (83%)
Antibiotic use and infection groups
 Group 1 (antibiotic received)21 (26%)61 (74%)
 Group 1 (no antibiotic received)7 (13%)46 (87%)
 Group 2 (antibiotic received)15 (17%)84 (83%)
 Group 2 (no antibiotic received)20 (25%)60 (75%)