Table 1

Tracheobronchomalacia: diagnosis, presentation, and outcome in survivors (n = 19) ranked by duration of ventilation

Age (months) at diagnosisMain diagnosis (or presentation)Ventilation (days)Bronchogram severity scoreBronchoscopic abnormalityHandicap
TLBRBPB
1Pulmonary stenosis21010NoneModerate
2Truncus arteriosis31210Normal
0Diaphragmatic hernia33002Mild
1Respiratory failure30100Normal
0Oesophageal atresia33000Functionally normal
3Absent pulmonary valve41000Mild
0Coarctation of the aorta61000TMNormal
2Vascular ring60220Moderate
11Coarctation of the aorta71010Mild
4Oesophageal atresia72200RBM, LBMNormal
0Absent pulmonary valve80002Mild
152Pulmonary atresia101000Functionally normal
3Pulmonary atresia113002Severe
11Absent pulmonary valve121330Moderate
0(Respiratory failure)142100Mild
0Laryngeal cleft181-150 2220NoneMild
7Transposition great arteries201000Normal
1Atrioventricular septal defect210100Severe
8Pulmonary atresia400002RBMNormal
  • 1-150 Ventilated for aspiration rather than tracheobronchomalacia.

  • T = trachea; LB = left main bronchus; RB = right main bronchus; PB = peripheral bronchi; TM = tracheomalacia; LBM = left main bronchomalacia; RBM = main bronchomalacia; bronchogram severity score 0 = none, 1 = mild, 2 = moderate, 3 = severe (see Methods).