Table 2

Asthma knowledge, quality of life and self-management skills at baseline

Outcome (maximum score)Mean (SD) scoreStatistics
Intervention group
(n = 64)
Control group
(n = 61)
Asthma knowledge (31)20.7 (4.3)20.5 (3.8)t = 0.35
p = 0.72
Asthma quality of life
Total (10)3.06 (2.4)3.12 (2.3)t = 0.83
(n = 62)p = 0.88
 Breathlessness (10)3.35 (2.8)3.47 (2.7)t = 0.24
(n = 62)(n = 60)p = 0.81
 Mood disturbance (10)2.98 (2.6)2.90 (2.5)t = 0.15
(n = 62)(n = 60)p = 0.88
 Social disruption (10)2.60 (2.6)2.61 (2.7)t = 0.01
(n = 63)(n = 60)p = 0.99
 Concern for health (10)2.99 (2.6)3.17 (2.5)t = 0.36
(n = 63)(n = 60)p = 0.72
Self-management skills
Slow onset (17)10.0 (8–12.5)2-150 10.0 (7–13)2-150 W = 0.33
p = 0.73
 Rapid onset (23)15.5 (12.5–18)2-150 16.0 (12–19)2-150 W = 0.39
p = 0.69
  • 2-150 Median (interquartile range) score.

  • The number of subjects varies either because they did not respond completely or because they responded to less than 50% of the items required.