Table 2

Final year medical students’ knowledge of smoking as a major cause of diseases

DiseaseMedical students in most countries (%)Comments (%)
Lung cancer62–100Exceptions: Japan - 5317 33; CIS - 5117 33; Australia39 - 95; UK58 - 99.7
Chronic bronchitis57–84Exceptions: Japan - 3517 33; Australia39 - 89; UK58 - 98.9
Pulmonary emphysema12–75Australia, USA, Chile were 67–7517; second study in Australia39 - 87; other countries were under 40; former USSR33 - 12
Coronary artery disease11–43Most countries: 19–3017; Australia39 - 68; UK58 - 85.5; but in China28 7.4 (smokers) - 13.2 (non-smokers); former USSR33 - 11
Peripheral vascular disease4–45Only Australia17 39 over 45
Bladder cancer2–19Asian coverage in medical schools - 19; African coverage - 10; other countries all under 1017; except Turkey - 13.755; former USSR33 - 2; Australia33 - 2
Oral cancer22–45Most countries: 20–4017; Australia39 - 69; UK58 - 64.2; but in China28 12.8 (smokers) - 22.5 (non-smokers)
Laryngeal cancer21–44Most countries: 20–3017; Turkey - 5055; 9 Asian countries25 - 21
Neonatal death3–7Almost uniform ignorance17 55; Australia39 - 11
  • Adapted from Crofton and Tessier.17