Table 1

Renal and hormonal abnormalities in COPD during the progression of the disease

  • Pao 2, Paco 2 = arterial oxygen and carbon dioxide tensions; ERPF = effective renal plasma flow; FF = filtration fraction; GFR = glomerular filtration rate; PRA = plasma renin activity; PA = plasma aldosterone; AVP = arginine vasopressin; ANP = atrial natriuretic peptide.