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Original research
Smoking and COVID-19 outcomes: an observational and Mendelian randomisation study using the UK Biobank cohort

Authors

  • Ashley K Clift Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UKCancer Research UK Oxford Centre, Department of Oncology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Adam von Ende Clinical Trial Service Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Pui San Tan Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Hannah M Sallis MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UKSchool of Psychological Science, University of Bristol, Bristol, UKNIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust and University of Bristol, Bristol, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Nicola Lindson Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Carol A C Coupland Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UKDivision of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Marcus R Munafò MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UKSchool of Psychological Science, University of Bristol, Bristol, UKNIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust and University of Bristol, Bristol, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Paul Aveyard Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Julia Hippisley-Cox Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Jemma C Hopewell Clinical Trial Service Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ashley K Clift, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; ashley.clift{at}phc.ox.ac.uk
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Citation

Clift AK, von Ende A, Tan PS, et al
Smoking and COVID-19 outcomes: an observational and Mendelian randomisation study using the UK Biobank cohort

Publication history

  • Received February 12, 2021
  • Accepted June 14, 2021
  • First published September 27, 2021.
  • Supplementary Data

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