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Extracorporeal CO2 removal (ECCO2R) in patients with stable COPD with chronic hypercapnia: a proof-of-concept study

Abstract

Domiciliary non-invasive ventilation (NIV) effectively reduces arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2) in patients with stable hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but a consistent percentage of them may remain hypercapnic. We hypothesised that extracorporeal CO2 removal (ECCO2R) may lower their PaCO2. Ten patients hypercapnic despite ≥6 months of NIV underwent a 24-hour trial of ECCO2R. Six patients completed the ECCO2R-trial with a PaCO2 drop ranging between 23% and 47%. Time to return to baseline after interruption ranged 48–96 hours. In four patients, mechanical events led to ECCO2R premature interruption, despite a decreased in PaCO2. This time window ‘free’ from hypercapnia might allow to propose the concept of ‘CO2 dialysis’.

  • COPD ÀÜ mechanisms
  • critical care
  • non invasive ventilation

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