In the non-selected birth cohort Tucson Children’s Respiratory Study, early sensitisation to Alternaria was associated with increased airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR) into adult life among non-asthmatics. The increase in AHR was of a similar magnitude to that seen for Alternaria sensitised asthmatics and was primarily evident among those who were overweight or obese. In contrast, there was no significant association between early sensitisation to aeroallergens other than Alternaria and AHR among non-asthmatics. Why this group of Alternaria sensitised individuals without asthma demonstrated increased AHR of a magnitude similar to asthmatics is unknown and requires further investigation.
- allergic lung disease
- asthma epidemiology
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