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Primary healthcare factors and hospital admission rates for COPD
  1. Rupert Jones
  1. Correspondence to Dr Rupert Jones, Plymouth University Peninsula School of Medicine and Dentistry, 1 Davy Rd (N21), Plymouth P6 8BX, UK; rupert.jones{at}, rupert.jones{at}

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Dr White's interesting observations1 on the paper by Calderon-Larrañaga et al 2 show the real benefit of peer-reviewed science with eagle-eyed scrutiny by readers. Calderon-Larrañaga et al highlighted the important association of deprivation with hospital admission rates and asserted that markers of primary care quality, such as GP supply, were lower in deprived areas. Dr White makes some valid points when questioning the data suggesting that the quality of services in areas of deprivation is inferior.

Having written the accompanying editorial3 to the paper by Calderon-Larrañaga et al, I accept that the evidence underpinning the inverse care law is now subject to debate. Whether or not primary care services are better or worse in deprived areas, what is not is debate is that deprivation is the nursery of many chronic diseases, including COPD, vasculopathies and cancer.4 The theme of the editorial remains sound: investment in primary care services in areas of deprivation is needed if we are going to improve management of long-term conditions and reduce the impact on stretched hospitals and stretched commissioning budgets. Effective strategies linking health, social care and education in our deprived populations are needed to address the roots of this modern non-communicable plague.


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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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