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Images in thorax
Life-threatening haemoptysis due to tracheal varices secondary to pulmonary vein obstruction
  1. Karim Hani Kamel Morcos1,
  2. Giles Roditi2,
  3. Stewart Craig1
  1. 1Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, NHS National Waiting Times Centre Board, Golden Jubilee National Hospital, Clydebank, Glasgow, UK
  2. 2Radiology Department, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
  1. Correspondence to Karim Hani Kamel Morcos, Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, NHS National Waiting Times Centre Board, Golden Jubilee National Hospital, Agamemnon Street, Clydebank, Glasgow G81 4DY, UK; karimkamel7{at}

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A 30-year-old man with a 3 day history of increasing breathlessness and frank haemoptysis was suspected of having pulmonary embolism and anticoagulated with heparin. Haemoptysis worsened so anticoagulation was reversed and he was transferred to our institution.

Pulmonary and bronchial angiography revealed a small right pulmonary artery and a prominent right intercostobronchial trunk which was embolised. However, haemoptysis recurred and a contrast enhanced ECG-gated CT scan confirmed a hypoplastic right pulmonary artery and showed thrombosed right pulmonary veins that had no communication to the left atrium, a ‘bulky’ right hilum and thickened bronchial walls with smooth mucosal indentations into the airway lumen …

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  • Contributors KHKM: patient's follow-up, literature search and writing of the manuscript. GR: CT scan images and writing of the manuscript. SC: surgeon who performed the operation, patient's follow-up and writing of the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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