Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is recognised as an effective treatment for chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure. Monitoring NIV during sleep may be preferable to daytime assessment. This paper reports the findings of an international consensus group which systematically analysed nocturnal polygraphic or polysomnographic tracings recorded with either volume-cycled or pressure-cycled ventilators. A systematic description of nocturnal respiratory events which occur during NIV is proposed: leaks, obstruction at different levels of the upper airway (glottis and/or pharynx), with or without decrease of respiratory drive and asynchrony.
- Non invasive ventilation
- sleep apnoea, obstructive
- sleep apnoea, central
- polysomnography, monitoring, sleep
- assisted ventilation
- non invasive ventilation
- sleep apnoea
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Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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