Article Text

Download PDFPDF

NF-κB activation and iNOS upregulation in skeletal muscle of patients with COPD and low body weight
  1. A Agustí1,
  2. M Morlá2,
  3. J Sauleda1,
  4. C Saus3,
  5. X Busquets2
  1. 1Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Universitari Son Dureta & Institut Universitari d’Investigacions en Ciencies de la Salut (IUNICS), Palma de Mallorca, Spain
  2. 2Unitat d’Investigació, Hospital Universitari Son Dureta & Institut Universitari d’Investigacions en Ciencies de la Salut (IUNICS), Palma de Mallorca, Spain
  3. 3Servei de Anatomía Patológica, Hospital Universitari Son Dureta & Institut Universitari d’Investigacions en Ciencies de la Salut (IUNICS), Palma de Mallorca, Spain
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr A Agustí
    Servei Pneumología, Hospital Universitari Son Dureta, Andrea Doria 55, 07014 Palma de Mallorca, Spain; aagustihsd.es

Abstract

Background: Weight loss, mostly due to skeletal muscle atrophy, is a frequent and clinically relevant problem in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are unclear. This study sought to investigate whether activation of the nuclear transcription factor NF-κB and upregulation of the inducible form of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) occur in the skeletal muscle of patients with COPD and low body weight as potential molecular mechanisms leading to cachexia

Methods: NF-κB DNA binding activity was determined by electromobility shift assay and the immunoreactivity of its inhibitory subunit IκB-κ and that of iNOS by Western blot analysis in biopsy specimens of the quadriceps femoris muscle of seven COPD patients with normal body mass index (BMI, 27.5 (1) kg/m2) and seven patients with low BMI (18.5 (1) kg/m2).

Results: Compared with patients with normal body weight, those with low BMI showed a 30% increase in NF-κB DNA binding activity, a lower expression of IκB-α (3.37 (0.47) IOD v 5.96 (0.75) IOD, p<0.05; mean difference 2.59; 95% CI −4.53 to −0.65) and higher iNOS expression (1.51 (0.29) IOD v 0.78 (0.11) IOD, p<0.05; mean difference 0.74; 95% CI 0.04 to 1.42).

Conclusions: NF-κB activation and iNOS induction occur in skeletal muscle of COPD patients with low body weight. These changes might contribute to the molecular pathogenesis of cachexia in COPD.

  • cachexia
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • nitric oxide
  • weight loss
View Full Text

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Supported in part by FIS (00/0437 and Red Respira (RTIC C3/011)), CICYT PB98-1084, SEPAR, Govern Balear and ABEMAR.

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles

  • airwaves
    Wisia Wedzicha